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POLSKA УКРАЇНА - My - Polacy, ale żyjemy w Ukrainie

Кіберполіція: нотаріусам розсилали вірус, замаскований під повідомлення від держустанов

Кіберполіція повідомляє, що зафіксувала випадки розповсюдження вірусу, замаскованого під повідомлення від держустанов. 

«Створене шкідливе програмне забезпечення націлене на користувачів операційної системи MS Windows. Спеціалісти з кіберполіції сьогодні, 11 грудня, почали фіксувати факти розповсюдження цього шкідливого програмного забезпечення. Загалом, воно було націлене на користувачів, які є приватними нотаріусами України», — йдеться в повідомленні, оприлюдненому на сайті Нацполіції. 

За повідомленням, для надсилання шкідливого програмного забезпечення зловсмисники використовували поштові сервіси українських компаній www.ukr.net і www.i.ua. Повідомлення зі шкідливими додатками надходили начебто від імені державних установ, зокрема судів різних інстанцій. 

Для зараження комп’ютерів користувачів зловмисники використовували декілька видів шкідливого програмного забезпечення, які мають схожий функціонал, кажуть у кіберполіції. При цьому, використовувались різні методи їх розповсюдження (наприклад, користувачі отримували архівні файли, які зовні виглядали як файли формату .pdf). 

«Злочинці навіть підробили зміст цих файлів – зовні вони виглядали як відсканований документ, створений від імені державної установи. У деяких інших випадках розповсюдження вірусу відбувалось за допомогою документів формату .docx із вбудованим шкідливим «OLE» об’єктом. Після відкриття документу користувачем, відбувався запуск шкідливого програмного забезпечення…Виявлене шкідливе програмне забезпечення переходило у прихований режим очікування з’єднання та в повній мірі надавало доступ до ресурсів комп’ютера жертви», — йдеться в повідомленні. 

Як повідомили в поліції, за результатами аналізу, вказане ШПЗ виявилося модифікованою версією легального програмного забезпечення RMS TektonIT. 

Влітку в департаменті кіберполіції Національної поліції України повідомили, що від початку 2018 року зареєстровано понад чотири тисячі кримінальних правопорушень у сфері протидії кіберзлочинності, які супроводжують українські правоохоронці.

Начальник департаменту кіберполіції Національної поліції України Сергій Демедюк в ефірі Радіо Свобода повідомляв, що українська кіберполіція постійно фіксує кібератаки з території Росії і запобігає їм. 

 

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Маршрутка і вантажівка зіткнулися під Києвом: одна людина загинула

Одна людина загинула, троє постраждали внаслідок ДТП за участю маршрутки і вантажівки під Києвом, повідомляє місцева поліція.

За повідомленням, зіткнення автомобілів сталося 11 грудня на Гостомельському шосе. 

«Зараз правоохоронці з’ясовують всі обставини події та встановлюють механізм аварії. На місці наразі працюють патрульні та слідчі поліції Києва. Вирішується питання щодовідкриття кримінального провадження», – йдеться в повідомленні. 

Читайте також: ДТП є найпоширенішою причиною смерті людей віком 5-29 років – ВООЗ

За даними Міністерства охорони здоров’я України, наведеними у листопаді, на українських дорогах щодня гине вісім людей. За дев’ять місяців від початку 2018 року, за даними поліції, загинули 2266 людей.

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Pentagon Conducts Latest Successful Test of US-Japan Interceptor

The U.S. military on Tuesday successfully conducted a test of a new ballistic-missile interceptor system, which is being co-developed with Japan.

The launch marks the second successful test in less than two months for the SM-3 Block IIA missile and its associated technologies, which had previously experienced failures.

According to the Missile Defense Agency (MDA), sailors at the Aegis Ashore Missile Defense Test Complex at the Pacific Missile Range Facility in Kauai, Hawaii, tracked and intercepted an intermediate-range missile with an SM-3.

The target in Tuesday’s test was an air-launched missile, fired from an Air Force C-17 plane over the ocean thousands of kilometers southwest of the Aegis Ashore system.

“The engagement leveraged a ground, air and space-based sensor/command and control architecture,” the MDA said in a statement.

In October, the U.S. military successfully shot down a medium-range ballistic missile with an SM-3.

That successful operation came after two failed intercept tests, in June 2017 and January 2018.

A test firing in February 2017 had been successful.

The MDA said this year that America had so far spent about $2.2 billion on the system and Japan had contributed about $1 billion.

The SM-3 Block IIA missile – made by arms giant Raytheon – is a key piece of NATO’s missile defense system and is due to be deployed in Poland in 2020.

“This system is designed to defend the United States, its deployed forces, allies, and friends from a real and growing ballistic missile threat,” MDA Director Lieutenant General Sam Greaves said.

 

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Turkey Pledges EU Reforms as Rights Concerns Linger

Turkish ministers are pledging to speed up judicial reforms as Ankara tries to get its European Union membership effort back on track. They met Tuesday to address Turkey’s EU membership aspirations, which have all but collapsed amid growing human rights concerns.

Justice Minister Abdulhamit Gul announced a judicial reform strategy would be unveiled in January at a meeting with Interior Minister Suleyman Soylu, Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu and Treasury and Finance Minister Berat Albayrak.

The ministers gathered under the auspices of the Reform Action Group (RAG), which was created to expedite EU-required membership reforms, as part of Ankara’s decades-long membership bid. The RAG had been moribund for years.  However, the reconvening of the group is interpreted by some as a sign of a new impetus in Turkish-EU relations.

“It is the second meeting of this year, and it is really significant.  We are looking forward to the results on the basis of what was indicated in the August meeting,” a high-level EU official was quoted by Turkey’s Daily Sabah, as saying.

In August the Turkish ministers pledged reforms on fundamental rights, justice, freedom, and security.

“The aim of the new strategy is to further enhance trust in the judiciary, improve access to the justice system, increase its effectiveness and provide better protection for the right to trial within a reasonable time,” read a Turkish Foreign Ministry statement.

“Ankara wants to improve ties with Brussels.  It’s realized it was endangered of becoming isolated.  I expect more efforts to repair ties,” said former Turkish diplomat Aydin Selcen.

Turkey is continuing to cooperate with Brussels in controlling illegal migration into EU territory as part of a deal agreed to in 2016.  “We have reduced by 97 percent refugee migration to Europe,” Interior Minister Soylu claimed Tuesday.

The migration deal remains a point of tension.  Ankara accuses Brussels of failing to honor a promise of visa-free travel.  However, the EU contends the concession is conditional in part on judicial reforms and addressing human rights concerns.

Ministers at Tuesday’s RAG meeting discussed reforms needed to meet EU demands for visa-free travel.  However, analysts suggest Brussels is looking for concrete steps from Ankara.  

“In terms of economic benefits, visa waivers, a new customs union (from the EU), I don’t see these things happening so far,” said analyst Atilla Yesilada of Global Source Partners.  “Until we release [pro-Kurdish HDP leader Selahattin] Demirtas and journalists from jail, pass a decent judicial reform law, etc., etc., the EU is not going to give us an inch.”

 

Brussels strongly criticized Ankara for failing to observe the European Court of Human Rights’ October ruling calling for the release of Demirtas.  Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan dismissed the ruling saying Turkey was not bound by the decision, even though the country is a member of the court.

Dozens of parliamentary HDP deputies along with scores of journalists are among the tens of thousands jailed under anti-terror laws following a 2016 failed coup.  Brussels has strongly condemned the crackdown, calling it disproportionate and aimed at silencing dissent rather than protecting democracy, a criticism rejected by Ankara.

On Friday, the Vienna-based media watchdog the International Press Institute slammed Ankara after a three-day visit of its representatives to Turkey.

“We have seen continuing evidence of the systematic targeting of journalists who are doing their jobs,” said executive IPI member Sandy Bremner.

“We have continually heard government assurances that Turkey is committed to free speech, human rights and the rule of law,” he added.  “These assurances will only mean something when Turkey is no longer the world’s worst jailer of journalists.”

On Monday, Turkish prosecutors demanded sentences of up to 15 years for two leading columnists and three editors of an opposition newspaper on anti-terror charges.

President Erdogan, speaking Monday at a meeting celebrating the 70th anniversary of the U.N. Declaration of Universal Humans Rights, insisted Turkey is not a country where one can find problems regarding democracy and human rights.  “No one can lecture our country about democracy, human rights, and freedom,” Erdogan said.

However, analysts suggest it remains neither in Brussels’ or Ankara’s interests for a breakdown in ties, and both sides will continue to work on a thaw in the deep freeze that has characterized relations in recent years.

“A Turkish crisis would see another million refugees at their (the EU’s) doors, which would be very difficult to stop and destabilize the Balkans,” analyst Yesilada said, “no one wants that.  Turkey won’t bring the EU down.  That’s an exaggeration, but if you can avoid such a crisis with small gestures why not do it.”

 

 

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Brexit Sparks Exasperation in Brussels, Despair in London

Britain has long prided itself on having strong and stable governments. But Brexit has fractured political parties, making it harder for embattled Prime Minister Theresa May to plot a course out of the Brexit maze or for European Union leaders to calculate what might happen.

“The House of Commons is divided not by parties, but by factions,” Britain’s longest-serving lawmaker and a former Conservative minister, Ken Clarke, said Monday.

He spoke after May announced she was postponing a House of Commons vote on her exit withdrawal deal, which took months of haggling with the EU to negotiate, throwing the Brexit process into further turmoil.

Both of Britain’s two storied main parties, the ruling Conservatives and Labor, are equally divided over whether to remain in the European Union, or, as importantly, how to exit. The smaller parties are more united, with the Scottish Nationalists and the Liberal Democrats wanting to remain in the bloc and the 10 lawmakers of Northern Ireland’s Democratic Unionist Party wanting Britain out.

May runs a minority government. With the main parties splintered, the House of Commons is deadlocked, and there’s no majority for anything when it comes to Brexit, including crashing out without a deal, staying in, or holding a second referendum.

Even before May delayed the vote on an unpopular deal, no one in Downing Street, the country’s parliament, the press, or academia could predict how the Brexit process was going to end or when.

Now there’s even less certainty, more confusion and even more fear.

Recession fears

Currency traders are reacting to the political chaos by pushing the value of the pound to its lowest point against the dollar in 20 months. Their worry is Britain will exit the EU as scheduled on March 29 without any deal, which would likely push the country into a recession.

“It’s a mess. In a world of turmoil, Brexit has become a bit of comic relief; it’s like a British comedy,” Shane Oliver, head of investment strategy of AMP Capital Investors, told Bloomberg.

But for Britons whose livelihoods are tied to what happens, there’s little to laugh about.

“Small businesses are keen to prepare [for Brexit] but they still don’t know, some 15 or 16 weeks out, what it is they have been asked to prepare for,” said Colin Borland, a director at the Federation of Small Businesses.

The latest events at Westminster have just heaped greater uncertainty, making it impossible to make decisions, he added.

“Investment plans have been paused for two-and-a-half years. Unless a deal is agreed quickly, the country risks sliding toward a national crisis, warned Carolyn Fairbairn, director general of the Confederation of British Industry.

The national leaders of the 27 EU member states have closed the door on reopening negotiations.

May headed to Brussels Tuesday to seek changes and concessions in a frantic round of diplomacy. But Jean-Claude Juncker, European Commission president, warned there’s “no room whatsoever” for renegotiating a Brexit deal that can’t secure a majority in the House of Commons.

Junker offered May only additional “clarifications and interpretations” of contentious parts of the 585-page agreement, mainly over the so-called “backstop solution,” which is designed to avoid customs checks on the border separating Northern Ireland from the Republic of Ireland.

Speaking to the European Parliament in Strasbourg, Juncker said he was “surprised” May is talking about changes “because we had reached an agreement.”

Parliament has final say

In the end, the most important Brexit negotiations are to be in the British parliament and not between the British government and Brussels, say analysts.

But Britain’s House of Commons has seldom been so deadlocked.

“No division has been so central to Britain’s future since 1972, when the Commons passed by just eight votes the Bill taking us into Europe,” commentator Simon Heffer wrote in The Telegraph newspaper.

As May was in Brussels Tuesday, the talk in London was of another mutinous attempt to oust her as party leader and prime minister.

Steve Baker, one of her former Brexit ministers-turned-rebel, urged Conservative lawmakers to submit formal no-confidence letters in her leadership to trigger a confidence vote.

“What I would say to my colleagues is: you now face the certainty of failure with Theresa May. You must be brave and make the right decision to change prime minister, and change prime minister now,” he said on BBC radio.

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Putin Defends Jailing of 77-Year-old Activist

Russian President Vladimir Putin on Tuesday defended the jailing of an elderly rights activist over calls to protest, stressing he wants to prevent events like France’s “yellow vest” revolt.

The Russian leader was responding to an appeal to free 77-year-old Sergei Ponomaryov, a prominent rights activist who is serving 16 days in police cells for urging people to take part in an unauthorized rally.

As a result, Ponomaryov was unable to attend the funeral Tuesday of a longtime comrade, veteran rights activist Lyudmila Alexeyeva, while Putin attended the memorial ceremony.

Putin told the presidential rights council, an advisory body, that he would ask Russia’s Prosecutor-General Yury Chaika “to look more carefully” at Ponomaryov’s case but added that it was “very difficult” for him to question the fairness of court decisions.

The president warned that calls to attend unauthorized protests such as those made by Ponomaryov could lead to unrest like that seen in France over the past month.

“We don’t want to have events in our country like in Paris where they are tearing up cobblestones and burning everything in sight,” Putin said.

“The country will then plunge into the conditions of a state of emergency,” he added.

Putin has previously warned against the risk of “color revolutions” in Russia, referring to the pro-European uprisings in Ukraine and Georgia.

Ponomaryov, head of the For Human Rights movement, was sentenced last week to 25 days behind bars for repeated calls to protest, while a higher court in Moscow reduced his sentence to 16 days on Monday.

He filed a separate request to be allowed out to pay his last respects to Alexeyeva, who died on Saturday aged 91, but was denied permission.

Popular historian Nikolai Svanidze told Putin at the meeting of the rights council that it was “a shame and a disgrace” that Ponomaryov was in jail on the day of Alexeyeva’s funeral, which fell on the 100th anniversary of the birth of dissident writer Alexander Solzhnenitsyn.

In late October, Ponomaryov made a public call for Russians to take part in an unauthorized rally in Moscow to protest a growing crackdown on young people including teenagers suspected of extremism.

Eighteen people were detained for taking part in the rally, held near the building housing the FSB spy agency, successor to the Soviet-era KGB.

 

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US Adds Pakistan to Blacklist for Religious Freedom Violations

The United States said Tuesday it has added Pakistan to its blacklist of countries that violate religious freedom, ramping up pressure over its treatment of minorities.

Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said he had designated Pakistan among “countries of particular concern” in a congressionally mandated annual report, meaning the U.S. government is obliged to exert pressure to end freedom violations.

Pompeo a year earlier had placed Pakistan on a special watch list – a step short of the designation – in what had been seen as a U.S. tactic to press Islamabad into reforms.

Human rights advocates have long voiced worry about the treatment of minorities in Pakistan, including Shiites, Ahmadis and Christians.

But the timing of the full designation may be jarring as it comes after Pakistan moved to resolve its most high-profile case, with the Supreme Court in October releasing Asia Bibi – a Christian woman on death row for eight years for blasphemy.

The government recently charged a hardline cleric, Khadim Hussain Rizvi, with terrorism and sedition after he led violent protests against Bibi’s acquittal.

“In far too many places across the globe, individuals continue to face harassment, arrests or even death for simply living their lives in accordance with their beliefs,” Pompeo said in a statement.

“The United States will not stand by as spectators in the face of such oppression,” he said.

Nine countries remained for another year on the list of Countries of Particular Concern – China, Eritrea, Iran, Myanmar, North Korea, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan.

The United States removed one country from the list – Uzbekistan– but kept it on the watch list.

Pompeo also put on the watch list Russia, adding another item of contention to the relationship between the two powers.

Russia has increasingly drawn concern in the United States over its treatment of Jehovah’s Witnesses, the heterodox Christian group known for proselytization.

Also on the watch list was the Comoros, the Indian Ocean archipelago that is almost exclusively Sunni Muslim.

 

 

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СБУ заявляє, що затримала учасника захоплення будівлі служби в Луганську

Служба безпеки України заявляє про затримання одного з організаторів й активних учасників масових заворушень у Луганську навесні 2014 року, який, зокрема, брав активну участь у штурмі, захопленні й утриманні адміністративної будівлі УСБУ в Луганській області.

«Він брав участь у бойових діях проти українських військових у складі незаконних збройних формувань, зокрема «козачих» НЗФ та у банді «Бетмен», куди потрапив завдяки своїм зв’язкам з ФСБ РФ. У квітні 2015 року через конфлікт з ватажками бандформувань, зловмисник залишив бойовиків і тривалий час проживав у тимчасово окупованому Луганську, перебиваючись випадковими заробітками», – йдеться в повідомленні СБУ у Facebook.

За даними спецслужби, затриманий понад чотири роки він перебував у розшуку за статтями «активна участь у масових заворушеннях», «викрадення, привласнення, вимагання вогнепальної зброї, бойових припасів, вибухових речовин, вчинене повторно або за попередньою змовою», «захоплення державних або громадських будівель або споруд».

Як повідомили в СБУ, затримали підозрюваного бойовика на підконтрольній українській владі території Донбасу. Йому оголосили про підозру у посяганні на територіальну цілісність й недоторканість України та арештували.

Збройний конфлікт на Донбасі триває від 2014 року після російської анексії Криму. Україна і Захід звинувачують Росію у збройній підтримці бойовиків на сході України. Кремль відкидає ці звинувачення і заявляє, що на Донбасі можуть перебувати хіба що російські «добровольці». За даними ООН, за час конфлікту загинули понад 10 тисяч людей.

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