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POLSKA УКРАЇНА - Page 2 of 1270 - My - Polacy, ale żyjemy w Ukrainie

Amnesty International Accuses EU of Being Complicit in Libya Migrant Abuse

Rights group Amnesty International says European nations are taking steps to prevent refugees and migrants from crossing the Mediterranean Sea from Libya, trapping them in a system that exposes them to torture and abuse.

In a report issued Tuesday, Amnesty says European governments are “knowingly complicit” because they give technical support to Libya’s Department Combating Illegal Migration, give training and equipment to Libya’s Coast Guard and make agreements with local authorities and armed groups to encourage efforts to stop human smuggling.

“Hundreds of thousands of refugees and migrants trapped in Libya are at the mercy of Libyan authorities, militias, armed groups and smugglers often working seamlessly together for financial gain. Tens of thousands are kept indefinitely in overcrowded detention centers where they are subjected to systematic abuse,” said Amnesty International Europe Director John Dalhuisen.

Faced with an influx of refugees and migrants in recent years, European nations have responded with measures such as closing borders and working with governments on the other side of the Mediterranean to try to prevent people from making what can be a dangerous crossing. More than 3,000 people have died trying to make the trip this year.

The International Organization for Migration said Tuesday that so far in 2017 the number of migrants and refugees entering Europe by sea was down 53 percent compared to the same period last year. About 70 percent of the 166,000 arrivals landed in Italy.

The top countries of origin are Nigeria, Guinea, Ivory Coast and Bangladesh.

Amnesty International based its report on interviews with 72 refugees and asylum seekers in Italy and Tunisia, as well as meetings with Libyan officials and United Nations representatives.

The report says the European Union and its members “have pursued their own goal of restricting the flow of refugees and migrants across the Mediterranean with little thought, or seeming care, for the consequences for those trapped in Libya as a result.”

“European governments have not just been fully aware of these abuses; by actively supporting the Libyan authorities in stopping sea crossings and containing people in Libya, they are complicit in these abuses,” Amnesty said.

Italy’s Foreign Minister Paolo Gentiloni said his government can be proud of its treatment of migrants, and that its efforts have helped shine a light on the human rights situation in Libya.

EU foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini told the European Parliament that while the EU should have taken action earlier, it has been engaged on the issue for several years.

“I’ve said many times that our goal is to close the detention centers,” Mogherini said. “We need to give these people the opportunity to leave Libya, safely, toward a better life”

She said this year the EU has assisted more than 15,000 migrants who were trapped in Libya. Mogherini also acknowledged that returning home is not an option for people who face war or persecution, saying there is a need to “open new avenues to come to Europe or other safe places.”

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Підозрювана у ДТП в Харкові, в якому загинули 6 людей, визнала провину

20-річна Олена Зайцева, підозрювана у ДТП в Харкові, внаслідок якого у жовтні загинули шестеро людей, визнала свою про вину. Про це вона сказала 13 грудня у суді щодо продовження її арешту.

«Я визнаю свою провину, я готова нести відповідальність і готова понести покарання… Пробачте мені», – сказала вона.

Зайцева також заперечила, що вживала наркотичні речовини. «Будь-які речовини, які в мене знайшли, у моїй крові опинилися через знеболювальні, які я іноді вживаю», – додала вона.

18 жовтня в Харкові на перехресті вулиці Сумської і провулка Мечникова в Харкові сталася аварія. За даними поліції, позашляховик, яким кермувала 20-річна дівчина, рухаючись на заборонений сигнал світлофора, зіткнувся з іншим автомобілем, яким кермував 49-річний чоловік. У результаті зіткнення позашляховик вилетів на тротуар, де були пішоходи, загинули шестеро людей, ще п’ятеро були поранені.

20 жовтня суд у Харкові обрав для підозрюваної Олени Зайцевої запобіжний захід у вигляді тримання під вартою до 16 грудня без можливості внесення застави. Пізніше стало відомо, що експертиза встановила наявність кодеїну в організмі Зайцевої. Ця речовина використовується в ліках, зокрема від болю, кашлю.

Поліція відкрила кримінальне провадження за статтею «порушення правил безпеки дорожнього руху або експлуатації транспорту особами, які керують транспортними засобами».

8 листопада Київський районний суд Харкова постановив взяти на два місяці під варту водія Volkswagen Touareg Геннадія Дронова, який є другим учасником ДТП у Харкові, що спричинила загибель шести людей.

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France Seeks Ways to Boost Anti-jihadi Force in Africa

Presidents, princes and diplomats are coming to Paris on Wednesday to breathe life into a young African military force that aims to counter the growing jihadi threat in the Sahel region.

Nearly five years after France intervened to rout Islamist extremists in northern Mali, then controlled by an al-Qaida affiliate, the threat has spread to neighboring countries in the volatile region. It has also spawned new jihadi groups, including one that claims affiliation with the Islamic State group, recently defeated in Iraq and nearly pummeled in Syria.

The five-nation force, known as G5 Sahel, was launched in Bamako, Mali on July 2 with French President Emmanuel Macron present. It aims to tackle the jihadi menace, organized crime and human trafficking. Macron has taken the lead on convincing partners to help make the force viable, because the fate of the Sahel region impacts Europe.

“Terrorists, thugs and assassins” must be eradicated, he said in Bamako.

Made up of soldiers from Mali, Niger, Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Chad, the fledgling force is to grow to a 5,000-strong army by March but is still in need of soldiers, training, operational autonomy and funding.

Wednesday’s conference at a chateau in La Celle-Saint-Cloud, west of Paris, brings together the leaders of the five nations making up the force, plus European leaders including German Chancellor Angela Merkel. Officials from the European Union, the African Union and the U.N. are also attending, as well as envoys from Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates.

While funding is not the leading topic, Saudi Arabia could be among those announcing a contribution, an official in the French president’s office said. A special funding conference is to be held in February.

Wednesday’s meeting aims to “increase mobilization” for the force, militarily, politically and financially, said the official, who could not be named because he was not authorized to speak publicly.

In recent months, security forces and the U.N. peacekeeping mission have been prime jihadi targets in the Sahel.

Four U.N. peacekeepers and a Malian soldier were killed in two attacks in Mali less than a month ago. In Niger, 13 soldiers died in October, weeks after four U.S. troops and four Niger soldiers were killed in a remote corner of Niger. Burkina Faso also saw August attack that killed 18 in an upscale restaurant in its capital of Ouagadougou.

The G5 Sahel force will at first concentrate on the border regions shared by Mali, Niger and Burkina Faso, where it led its first operation in November and where numerous attacks have been centered.

French officials estimate extremists to number no more than 1,000 — compared to several thousand in northern Mali in 2013, when France intervened. But the numbers are deceptive, failing to reflect the danger and difficulty of hunting down an enemy in a vast region the size of Europe that is covered with difficult rock and desert terrain.

“The Sahel countries face a fleeting enemy that can get support from the population, that can easily disappear… because a camp of these terrorists resembles a camp of shepherds or civilians,” a top military official said. “The identification, the localization remains very difficult.”

He asked not to be identified because he was not authorized to speak publicly in keeping with military rules.

France’s nearly 4,000-strong Barkhane force, launched in 2014, scouts out armed extremists and gives critical air, intelligence and other support to the G5 Sahel force. A 12,000-strong U.N. peacekeeping mission is also in Mali to try to stabilize the volatile country.

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Україна посилює перед святами охорону кордону з ЄС – Держприкордонслужба

У Державній прикордонній службі України повідомили, що напередодні різдвяних та новорічних свят посилюють охорону на кордоні країни з Європейським союзом.

«Напередодні різдвяних та новорічних свят майже 100 офіцерів адміністрації Державної прикордонної служби України вирушили на посилення охорони державного кордону з країнами Європейського Союзу в межах Волинської, Закарпатської та Чернівецької областей. Аналіз результатів оперативно-службової діяльності на кордоні з країнами ЄС свідчить про певну активізацію протиправної діяльності, пов’язаної з переміщенням через державний кордон груп незаконних мігрантів, підакцизних товарів, у тому числі з використанням схованок, малої авіації тощо», – йдеться в повідомленні.

За даними прикордонників, найбільш «загрозливими» напрямками кордону є Луцький, Чопський, Мукачівський та Чернівецький прикордонні загони.

Раніше прикордонники повідомили, що протягом літа і восени 2017 року кількість затриманих нелегальних мігрантів збільшилась на українському кордоні на 80% у порівнянні з минулим роком.

У листопаді прикордонники повідомляли про посилення охорони на українсько-словацькому кордоні.

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Istanbul Hosts Summit Against Trump’s Jerusalem Recognition

Twenty-two leaders in the Islamic world were gathering in Istanbul Wednesday in response to U.S. President Donald Trump’s decision to recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel. The meeting comes as unrest in the Middle East continues, along with growing criticism over the Jerusalem move.

The gathering is under the auspices of the 57-nation Organization of the Islamic Conference, OIC. Turkey currently leads the OIC and the emergency summit was called by Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan.

“I am inviting the countries who value international law and fairness to recognize occupied Jerusalem as the capital of Palestine,” Erdogan told leaders at the start of the gathering Wednesday.

Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas, Jordanian King Abdullah II, Azerbaijan President Ilham Aliyev, Bangladeshi President Abdoul Hamid and Iranian President Hassan Rouhani are among the 22 heads of state and government due to attend. Egypt and Saudi Arabia, along with 23 other counties, will be represented at the foreign minister level.

Some of the sharpest criticism came from Abbas, who told leaders on Wednesday that Trump’s decision to recognize Jerusalem as the capital of the Jewish State was  — in his words — “a crime,” and said the Palestinians would not accept a U.S. role in the peace process “from now on.” “We are here today to say together and in clear language: Jerusalem was, still is and will always be the capital of the State of Palestine,” Abbas said.

While there has been widespread criticism of Trump’s Jerusalem decision, questions remain of whether anger over the move can overcome political divisions within the Islamic world, in particular, among Arab leaders.

“The Arab world cannot take a unified stance without the consent of Saudi Arabia or Egypt,” wrote Hurriyet daily news columnist Barcin Yinanc Tuesday. “The House of Saud, as well as Egypt’s current military ruler Abdel Fattah el-Sissi, both need U.S. support to maintain power and also to stand against Iran, which they see as gaining predominance with its advances in Iraq and Syria,” Yinanc said.

The situation is further complicated by existing tension between summit host Erdogan and key players. “Saudi Arabia is more and more distancing itself from Turkey,” noted Huseyin Bagci, international relations professor at Ankara’s Middle Eastern Technical University. A possible sign of that distance is the absence of the Saudi King and Crown Prince at the Istanbul summit.

Divided leaders

Officially, Saudi Arabia has sharply criticized Trump’s decision to recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel. A Saudi statement called the move “unjustified and irresponsible” and “a big step back in efforts to advance the peace process.”

But Turkish pro-government media have accused Riyadh of tacitly approving Trump’s move, and in Ankara there are growing suspicions that Riyadh’s allegiances could be shifting.”There is belief that this already exists, since Trump’s famous sword dance with the Saudi leaders,” said political columnist Semih Idiz of the Al Monitor website, referring to Trump’s recent visit to Saudi Arabia. Idiz points to pronouncements by Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu against Iran, “and when you read in between lines, his [Netanyahu’s] support of the growing Saudi-U.S. relationship has left people in Turkey thinking that there is this axis already there of Saudi-Israel and U.S,” Idiz said.

Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusolgu, speaking on Turkish television Tuesday, chided some Arab countries for failing take a more robust stance against Washington, saying Donald Trump “scares them.” “It seems that some Arab countries refrain from challenging Trump,” said the Turkish top diplomat.

Despite the serious diplomatic obstacles, Erdogan hopes the summit will set up an action plan to counter Trump, under the title of the Istanbul Declaration.

Erdogan has spearheaded opposition among both Muslim and European leaders to oppose the U.S. leader’s decision on Jerusalem. During his visit to Ankara Monday, Russian President Vladimir Putin backed Erdogan’s stance.

Wednesday’s summit gives the Turkish president a world stage at a time when he has been facing growing isolation from some of his traditional allies. The differences among the countries attending the summit are expected to pose a challenge for Erdogan. But with violent confrontations still breaking out over Jerusalem, observers expect him to capitalize on the expressions of anger and stress the need for a strong and united stance.

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Поліція розслідує ситуацію зі спалахом кору у школі Кушугума Запорізької області

Поліція Запорізької області проводить розслідування щодо спалаху кору у навчально-виховному комплексі «Інтелект» селища Кушугума Запорізької області, де захворіло близько 40 учнів.

Як повідомили у прес-службі Національної поліції у регіоні, за фактом події відкрили кримінальне провадження за частиною першою статті 137 Кримінального кодексу України – невиконання або неналежне виконання професійних чи службових обов’язків щодо охорони життя та здоров’я неповнолітніх внаслідок недбалого або несумлінного до них ставлення, якщо це спричинило істотну шкоду здоров’ю потерпілого. Інших деталей справи наразі правоохоронці не розголошують.

11 грудня місцевий сайт «Вся Власть» повідомляв з посиланням на директора департаменту освіти і науки Запорізької ОДА, що кримінальне провадження за статтею про навмисне зараження відкрили проти вчительки першого класу навчально-виховного комплексу «Інтелект» Кушугума Тетяни Бондаренко, що першою в цій установі захворіла на кір і, ймовірно, була джерелом подальшого зараження дітей і дорослих.

Раніше Тетяна Бондаренко також заявляла, що звільнилася з навчального закладу під тиском з боку працівників і керівництва закладу. Адміністрація школи обвинувачення у тиску на викладачку відкидає, заявляючи, що звільнення відбулося за згодою сторін.

У начальному закладі закидають вчительці, що та ходила на роботу хворою, а також своєчасно не поінформувала своє керівництво про хворобу, коли їй виставили діагноз «кір». Натомість Тетяна Бондаренко каже, що на початкових етапах хвороби не знала, що це кір. За словами вчительки їй діагностували хворобу медпрацівники київської інфекційної лікарні, куди вона була шпиталізована під час своєї поїздки до столиці України. Після цього київські лікарі поінформували про діагноз своїх запорізьких колег, заявляє Бондаренко.

На 11 грудня у Запорізькій області було зареєстровано 170 випадків захворювання на кір, із них 40 випадків в школі «Інтелект» селища Кушугум Запорізького району.

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New York Pipe Bombing Suspect Charged With Terrorism

A top counterterrorism official in Bangladesh said Wednesday the man accused of detonating a pipe bomb in a New York City subway tunnel does not appear to have any known links to militant groups.

Monirul Islam said investigators have interviewed the Akayed Ullah’s wife and her parents as part of their probe.

The 27-year-old Ullah is due to make his first court appearance Wednesday, a day after U.S. federal prosecutors announced terrorism charges against him. Authorities say the Bangladeshi immigrant’s attack was inspired by the Islamic State group.

The charges against him include bombing a public place and using a weapon of mass destruction, each of which carries a maximum sentence of life in prison. 

Ullah was also accused of providing material support to Islamic State, destruction of property by means of an explosive and using a destructive device in furtherance of a crime of violence, according to a criminal complaint disclosed on Tuesday. These charges carry sentences of five to 30 years each. 

Joon Kim, acting U.S. Attorney for the Southern District of New York, announced the charges at a press conference in New York.

“Yesterday morning, as thousands came into New York City through Port Authority, the Port Authority Bus Terminal, one man came with a hate-filled heart and an evil purpose,” Kim said. “In the middle of rush hour, as everyday New Yorkers hurried to their jobs, to their schools, ready to start the work week and get going with their busy lives, one man came to kill, to maim and to destroy,” he said.

The attack took place in a tunnel that connects the Port Authority Bus Terminal and the Times Square subway stations. Surveillance footage shows the attacker walking among the rush-hour crowd, and then smoke filling the area as the device goes off. The man is then seen laying on the ground as people rush away from the scene.

Kim said Ullah picked his target and timed his attack in order to “maximize human casualties.”

The bomb, however, did not fully explode, leaving Ullah injured and three others slightly hurt. 

Ullah remained hospitalized on Tuesday, and Kim said the charges would be formally presented to Ullah at his hospital bedside.

In an interview with investigators at the hospital, Ullah admitted to building the bomb and carrying out the attack in the name of the Islamic State terrorist organization.

“I did it for the Islamic State,” Ullah told interrogators, according to the complaint.

Ullah also told authorities he detonated the bomb “in part because of the United States government’s policies in, among other places, the Middle East.”

Ullah immigrated to the United States in 2011 and is a legal permanent resident. From 2012 to 2015, he worked as a taxi driver. 

Mohammad Toha, Ullah’s uncle, told VOA’s Bangla Service that a relative had sponsored Ullah’s family to immigrate to the United States.

With no known ties to a foreign terrorist organization, Ullah appears to have acted on his own. William Sweeney, the assistant FBI director for the New York field office, told reporters Ullah had not registered on the bureau’s radar for suspicious activity. 

The complaint details Ullah’s self-radicalization in recent years. It says Ullah became radicalized as he began watching Islamic State propaganda videos online as far back as 2014. One video exhorted Islamic State sympathizers to carry out terror attacks in their homelands if they couldn’t join the caliphate in Syria and Iraq. 

About a year ago, according to the complaint, Ullah began researching how to build homemade bombs.

Two to three weeks ago, Ullah started collecting bomb-making materials — wires, metal screws, plastic zip ties and a Christmas tree light bulb. He built the crude device at his apartment in New York City’s Brooklyn borough a week before the attack.

On Monday morning, as he headed to the Port Authority station with the device strapped to his body, Ullah posted on his Facebook page, “Trump, you failed to protect your nation.”

The bungled attack came less than two months after Sayfullo Saipov, an immigrant from Uzbekistan, drove a truck into pedestrians in lower Manhattan, killing eight people and injuring 12 others. It was the deadliest terrorist attack in New York since the attacks of Sept. 11, 2001.

Saipov was charged with eight counts of first degree murder in aid of racketeering; 12 counts of attempted murder; and one count of providing material support for terrorism.

Albert Fox Cahn, legal director for the Council on American-Islamic Relations in New York, issued a statement on behalf of Ullah’s family. In it, the family said they were “heartbroken by the violence that was targeted at our city today, and by the allegations being made against a member of our family.” 

President Donald Trump said Monday’s attack shows the need for Congress to pass immigration reforms “to protect the American people.”

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Укргідрометцентр: на заході і півночі України завтра буде дощ і мокрий сніг

В Українському гідрометцентрі прогнозують завтра, 13 грудня, на заході, півночі України дощ і мокрий сніг, на решті території без опадів.

Як повідомляє прес-служба Укргідрометцентру, температура вночі 0-5 градусів тепла, вдень 2-7 градусів, у південних областях 8-13 градусів тепла.

У Києві, за даними синоптиків, завтра вдень дощ, ввечері з мокрим снігом, температура протягом доби 2-4 градуси тепла.

Подібні дані наводить синоптик Наталія Діденко. 

«Температура знизиться на заході та півночі. Якщо сьогодні на заході навіть вранці було до +13 градусів, то 13 грудня, на Андрія, вже дівчата визначатимуть кохану пару за температури 0+5 градусів. Так що хустки будуть якраз доречними. На півдні ще буде найтепліше, +7+13 градусів. На півночі +1+6, у центрі +4+9, на сході +3+8 градусів», – написала вона на своїй сторінці в Facebook.

За її даними, у Києві завтра температура повітря 4 градуси тепла.

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